|अलवर की प्रमुख तस्वीरे||अलवर का प्रशासकीय संघठन||अलवर का मानचित्र|
|अलवर के पर्यटन स्थल||अलवर की सांख्यिकीय रूपरेखा||अलवर के महत्वपूर्ण नम्बर|
|अलवर की तहसील, गाँव एवं कस्बे|
The district is known after its headquarters town of Alwar. There are many theories about the derivation of the name Alwar. Cunningham holds that the city derived its name from the Salva tribe and was originally Salwapur, then, Salwar, Halawar and eventually Alwar.According to another school it was known as Aravalpur or the city of Aravali (A hill system dividing Rajasthan roughly into third and two-thirds).Some others hold that city is named after Alaval Khan Mewati. A research conducted during the reign of Maharaja Jey Singh of Alwar revealed that Maharaja Alaghraj, second son of Maharaja Kakil of Amer (old seat of Jaipur state) ruled the area in the eleventh century and his territory extended upto the present city of Alwar. He founded the city of Alpur in 1106 Vikrami samvat(1049 A.D.) after his own name which eventually became Alwar. It was formerly spelt as Ulwar but in the reign of Jey Singh the spelling was changed to Alwar.Alwar is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Alwar is part of National Capital Region (NCR). India's highest ever recorded temperature of 50.6 °C was measured at Alwar on 10 May 1956.
Alwar was formerly the capital of the princely state of Alwar. It was formerly spelt as "Ulwar" in British India. This placed it in last position in alphabetically ordered lists, so a king changed the spelling to "Alwar" to bring it to the top
|Time zone||UTC/GMT +5:30 hours (Half-hour time zone)|
|• Elevation||271 metres (889 feet)|
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The first reference to Alwar goes back to the story of Prahald-Hiryanyakashyap, near Mahabharata, where the Pandavas lived their year in hidden exile (Virat Nagar), which is called Barath, the area gained prominence under the rulership of Gurjar Pratihars and their allies Badgujars. During the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, Rao raja Bane Singh sent a force consisting mainly of Muslims and Rajputs, to relieve the British garrison in Agra. The Muslims deserted and the rest were defeated by the rebels. Pran Sukh Yadav, who fought beside Rao Tula Ram of Rewari in 1857, settled along with the kinsmen of dead soldiers at Village Nihalpura, Behror Tehsil, of Alwar District. It was a part of vast northern Indian empire known as Gurjara-Pratihara. The town was previously named as "Matsyanagar", meaning "the city of fishes".
The last Hindu emperor of India, Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu, was born in Alwar district in the village 'Deveti Machheri'. He had won in all 22 battles against Afghans and Mughals, including two against Akbar and became Vikramaditya king at Delhi on 7 October 1556.
The city of Alwar is known as The Tiger Gate of Rajasthan. Enclosed by the Aravallis, Alwar gives the appearance of being carved marvellously from rocks. Flourishing deciduous forests and lakes covers the hills. These forests and basins serve as a home to numerous species of birds as well as animals. Situated amongst such beauty, the city proves to be a delight to the eyes.
Architectural wonders dot the city. Ironically, Alwar is the oldest as well the newest kingdom of the Rajputs.[clarification needed] It is the oldest because its customs date far back to the kingdoms of Viratnagar, which flourished around 1500 B.C. Also known by the name of Matasya Desh. In this city, the Pandavas (heroes of Mahabharata) spent the last year of their exile of 13 years. It is believed that a member of the Kachh family belonging to Amber founded the city of Amber.
Geography of Alwar comprises of rivers, mountains, plains and semi-arid areas. Alwar is geographically situated between 27° 34' North Latitude and 76° 35' East Longitude at an elevation of 270 meters above sea level. Alwar city is spread over an area of 8,380 sq. km, which is 2.45% of the total area of the state of Rajasthan . The beautiful ranges of the Aravali Hills surround the city, which act as a natural barrier for the city, protecting it from the harsh and dry winds during the summer season. The rocky ranges of the Aravallis break the undulating plateau into fragments. The city is adorned with expansive stretches of dense deciduous forests that are inhabited by rich flora and fauna.
Alwar city is bordered by Gurgaon of Haryana on the North, on its North-East lies the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Mahendragarh of Haryana. The capital city of Jaipur is situated on its South-West and Dausa in the south.Around Alwar region, five rivers used to flow but to due to deforestation and mining activities the rivers dried up. Presently due to the special initiative of Tarun Bharat Sangh, rivers Arvari and Ruparel were revitalized again by using the traditional water harvesting methods and by constructing 'Johads' or small earthen check dams.
Summers (April to June) are very hot with an average maximum temperature of 41°C and an average minimum of 28 °C. Typically tourists keep off this season.
Monsoons (July to September) are associated with mild to medium showers intermittently, and Alwar looks pretty good in rain drops.
Winters (November to February) are cool and pleasant with minimum average reach down to 8°C approximately.
Best Season to visit Alwar is during October to March.October to March offering cool breeze and pleasant climate and suitable for sight seeing.July to September months are enjoyable with mild showers and moderate temperatures.April to June can be avoided, as these months are very hot under scorching sun.
National Highway NH8 (Delhi-Jaipur-Ajmer-Ahmedabad-Bombay highway) passes through the district. Alwar district is reached from New Delhi by NH8 or by Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar highway that is being widened to six lanes.
Delhi-Jaipur railway line also passes through the district. Alwar city railway station is one of the railway stations in the district.
The nearest airport to Alwar is Delhi Airport is 163 km away. Alwar can be easily reached by road as well. There are well-maintained roads linking it to tourism destinations like Delhi, Sariska, Bharatpur, Deeg and Jaipur. The railway network connects Alwar with Delhi, Jodhpur, Mumbai and other important tourist cities of India.