|झुंझुनु की प्रमुख तस्वीरे||झुंझुनु का प्रशासकीय संघठन||झुंझुनु का मानचित्र
|झुंझुनु के पर्यटन स्थल||झुंझुनु की सांख्यिकीय रूपरेखा||झुंझुनु के महत्वपूर्ण नम्बर
Jhunjhunu is a town in the state of Rajasthan, India and the administrative headquarters of Jhunjhunu District. It is located a 180 km from Jaipur and 245 km from Delhi. The town is famous for the frescos on its grand Havelis; a special artistic feature of this region.Jhunjhunu district is situated in Western India. It is a district headquarter and was named in the memory of a Jat named "Jhunjha" or "Jujhar Singh Nehra".The district has a population of 2, 139,658 ( 2011 census ) , an area of 5926 km², and a population density of 361 persons per km². The district falls within Shekhawati region, and is bounded on the North-East and East by Haryana state, on the south-East, South, & South-West by Sikar District, & on the North-West and North by Churu District. Jhunjhunu is famous for providing considerable representation to Indian defence forces.
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|• Elevation||323 m (1,060 ft)|
Jhunjhunu lies in the core of the well known erstwhile Shekhawati province. Thakur Shardul Singh won Jhunjhunu by defeating (in 1730) Rohilla Khan "Raseela", the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. This is clear from the poetry, made by the Charan of Shekhawats in the Rajasthani language.
Satrahso Satashiye, Agahan Mass Udaar,
Sadu linhe jhunjhunu, Sudi Athen Sanivaar".
Another poem in Rajasthani language on Shardul Singh –
Sade, linho Jhunjhunu, Lino amar patai,
Bete pote padaute pidhi sat latai.
The above poetry was composed by the Charan of Shekhawats after Jhunjhunu was conquered. The translation is that Shardul Singh has taken Jhunjhunu on a lifelong lease. Now the succeeding seven generations would be benefited.
Shardul Singh had three marriages. He married firstly, in 1698, Thukrani Sahaj Kanwar Biki Ji Sahiba, daughter of Manroop Singh Bika of Nathasar; married secondly, Thukrani Sirey Kanwar Biki Ji Sahiba, daughter of Mukal Singh Bika of Nathasar; and married thirdly Thukrani Bakhat Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba, daughter of Devi Singh Mertiya of Poonglota (Marwar), near Degana, and had issue. He died 17 April 1742. He had six sons, namely,
Thakur Jorawar singh, (by the first wife), born at Kant, married and had issue. He died 1745. He built Jorawargarh fort, and was the ancestor of the families of Taen, Malsisar, Gangiyasar, Mandrella, etc.
Thakur Kishan singh, (by the third wife), born 1709, the ancestor of the families of Khetri, Arooka, Seegra, Alsisar etc.
Kunwar Bahadur Singh, (by the third wife), born 1712, died 1732.
Thakur Akhay singh, (by the third wife), born 1713, built Akhegarh Fort. Died without issue in 1750.
Thakur Nawal singh Bahadur (by 3rd wife), born 1715, ancestor of the families of Nawalgarh, Mahensar, Dorasar, Mukundgarh, Narsinghani,Balonda and Mandawa. He died 24 February 1780.Thakur Keshri singh, (by 3rd wife), born 1728, ancestor of the families of Dundlod, Surajgarh and Bissau, fifth and youngest son, died 1768.Unfortunately, his son Bahadur Singh expired at an early age. As a result his estate was divided into five equal shares. The administration by his five sons was cumulatively known as Panchpana.
After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Shardul Singh was a man of a religious bent of mind, as he built many temples, such as Kalyan Ji Mandir and Gopinath Ji Ka Mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate the sweet memory of his father, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura. Its fresco painting is worth seeing.
All the five sons of Shardul Singh Ji were very brave, capable and efficient rulers. They raised many new thikanas, towns, forts and palaces; they encouraged the baniyas (merchants) in trade. As a result they grew rich and made many Havelies.
Currently the famous Rani Sati Dadi Mandir is a main tourist attraction apart from its religious significance. It receives more than 1 lac footfalls a day. Due to this temple the city has earned an importance in serving the tourist and "yatris". The term "mela" is used to represent the "Bhadi Mawas" day, a day of religious importance at this temple. People from all over the India gather in this mandir to offer prayer on this day.
Climatically, Rajasthan is the driest part of India. The Aravalli Mountains stretching diagonally across the State from the South-West to North-East separate the desert and semi-desert areas to the West from the sub-humid areas in the East. Population densities are higher in the eastern part of the State and nineteen of the thirty two districts of the State fall in the non-desert area to the east of the Aravallis.
Travel to Rajasthan during the monsoon, which is a welcome arrival in late June, but is preceded by dust and thunderstorms. Unless the rains are slight, the monsoon is usually accompanied by a decrease in temperature. The infertile landscape portrays a lush green scenery, especially in the grasslands of Rajasthan, which transforms into a bustling mart of the migratory birds; chirping, nestling and enjoying the serene ambiance. The monsoon generally passes over the entire state by mid-September, and is followed by the second hot season, the post-monsoon.
One can plan a trip from September onwards, but it is best to visit Rajasthan in the winter season. There is a marked variation in maximum and minimum temperatures and regional variations across the state, but normally the temperature resonates between maximum 24°C and minimum 9°C all over Rajasthan. The state wears completely different attire during winters. One can plan a long heritage tour during these seasons; travel to the major cities, stamp your footprints on the virgin sands of the Thar and look for colossal forts and ambrosial palaces, dotted all over the state. Travel to Bharatpur Sanctuary, and you will be glad to see the Siberian Cranes, wanderingin this natural habitat. But however, you should get some travel information on climate in Rajasthan, before visiting.
Rajasthan in Northwestern India, is easily accessible by air, rail and road.
Air: Rajasthan is well connected by air with almost all the major cities of India. A number of airlines both, government as well as private have regular flights connecting the state with rest of the country. The four airports of the state are, Sanganer in Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, and Kota.
Note:Nearrest airport to Jhunjhunu is jaipur (sanganer) 175 km
Rail: Rajasthan is well connected by a good network of railway lines to almost all the places of interest in the country. The best option is obviously, the Palace on Wheels, one of the most luxurious trains in the world. The Palace on Wheels connects Delhi with Bharatpur, Jaipur, Kota, Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Alwar, Sirohi, Kishangarh, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalwar, and Dholpur, apart from Agra.
Note:To reach Jhunjhunu By rail one has to take meter gauge train from Jaipur
junction Daily six services is there from jaipur for timetable visit our railway section
Road: The best way to visit Rajasthan is by road. A good number of Government and private buses ply to the state connecting it with nearby places of interest. Moreover, taxis and other vehicles are also available on hire from many places to the state.
Note:Every 15 min there is bus to jhunjhunu.