|बारां की प्रमुख तस्वीरे||बारां का प्रशासकीय संघठन||बारां का मानचित्र
|बारां के पर्यटन स्थल||बारां की सांख्यिकीय रूपरेखा||बारां के महत्वपूर्ण नम्बर
|बाँरा की तहसील, गाँव एवं कस्बे|
In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On 31 March 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district.
District Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota District on 10 April 1991. The district got the name from the City Baran which is also the district hqts. District comes under parliamentary constituency Jhalawar-Baran and divided in four assembly constutuencies namely Anta, Kishanganj, Baran-Atru & Chhabra. The total area of the District is 6992 km2. out of which only 82.18 km2. is urban. The total forest area in the district is 2.17 Lacs Hect. The total population of the district is around 1,22,3921 roughly equal to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago or the US state of New Hampshire.This gives it a ranking of 389th in India (out of a total of 640); Sex Ratio (No. of Females per 1000 Males) 926; Population density per Sq. km 175 (Census 2011). Main dialect is Hadoti language. The district Headquarters. The District has a tremendous scope for the rapid industrialisation, especially among agro-based industries. There are eight tehsils in the district, namely Baran, Anta, Atru, Mangrol, Chhabra, Chhipabarod, Kishanganj & Shahabad.
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|• Elevation||262 m (860 ft)|
Baran city was under Solanki Rajputs in the 14th -15th century. It is not exactly known that when the main town of the twelve villages under Solanki's was being named as 'Baran'. There are several thoughts for it, like some says since it was formed by twelve villages so it is called 'Baran', others says since the city was built by the 12 nearby villagers so it is named as 'Baran'. There are also saying that since the soils of the area is mostly 'Barani' so it is called 'Baran'. In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On 31 March' 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district. It is also worth noting that "Baran" in Urdu means "rain" and no wonder that Baran has the second highest rainfall in the state after Banswara district.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota, although Shahabad tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Jhalawar princely state, and Chhabra tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Tonk princely state. After Indian independence, The rulers of the princely states acceded to the Government of India, and the present-day Baran District was made part of Kota District. Baran District was carved out of Kota District on April 10, 1991.
Baran district, and particularly the tribal Sahariya families living here – concentrated largely in the two blocks of Kishanganj and Shahabad – have come to national attention because of several hunger deaths over the last 12 years. The death of 47 Sahariyas because of starvation during the 2001 drought even triggered a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court on the right to food. Hunger deaths have been reported as recently as in 2004 and again three years ago in 2009.
Since 2010, more than 200 Sahariya tribal families working without wages on the farms of landlords protested against debt bondage and have waged a struggle against generations of slavery to landowners.
Baran District is located in the state of Rajasthan. Situated at a height of 262 metres above sea level, the district is located in the south eastern corner of Rajasthan. The maximum length of the district from North to South is 103 Kms. and maximum width from west to east is 104 Kms. The land of the district slopes gently from south to north and the drainage is through Chambal River and its tributaries. The land slopes gently northward from the high tableland of Malwa in Madhya Pradesh. It is well watered, drained by rivers flowing in north and north-eastern directions. The main drainage of the land is through the Chambal River and its tributaries. There are hills in the south, north and eastern portion of the district and it is generally fertile. The highest point, Mammooni, lies among the hills in the east in the Shahabad tehsil. It is 546 meters above mean sea level. These hills form a part of the Aravalli mountain ranges. They have steep and gentle slopes and are mostly covered with woods.
The main river of the Baran district is the Parvati River, an auxiliary of the Chambal River. This enters Baran from the Kariyahat kasba of Chhabra Tehsil from Madhya Pradesh. It separates the Kishanganj Tehsil from Chhabra, Atru, Baran and Mangrol Tehsils. One of the most important rivers of the Hadoti region is the Kali Sindh River. It flows for around 40 Kms along the western border of the Mangrol tehsil, after merging with the Parvan River. The uncertainty of floods is quite high with this river. One of the largest rivers in the state of Rajasthan, the Palaytha, has been constructed over this river. The Parvan River is the auxiliary of the Kali Sindh River. It enters the Baran district from the southern part of the Harnavdashahaji kasba. From there, it maintains its flow along the south-western border of the Chhipabarod, Atru, Baran and Mangrol tehsils and merges into the Kali Sindh River. The Andheri River enters Baran from nearby Chhipabarod. It runs for about 15 Kms bordering Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and finally merges into the Parvati River near Atru. The Ban Ganga River is the rainy river which passes through Bamla and Sehrod in the southern part of Baran. After passing east of Baran city and west of Bohat and Mangrol Kasba, it merges with the Parvati River. The irrigation facilities available in the district are mainly in the form of canals, tubewells and wells. The rivers Parvati, Kalisindh and Parwan provide an important source of canal irrigation.
Soil found in the district is mainly black Kachari soil, found primarily in the Baran and Mangrol tehsils. This soil is highly fertile. Stony soil is found in the southern and eastern part of the district. Owing to the absence of metamorphic rocks, no metallic ore of importance except Bauxite occurs in the district. However a variety of non-metallic minerals are exposed, important among them being sandstone and limestone. Besides, small deposits of red clay, glass-sand, dolomite and kankar are also found. The main mineral of the district is building stone.
The forest area of the district is around 2.15 lacs. The forests are mainly concentrated in the south-western and central portion of the Mukundra hills, which have a rich forest belt. The main forests found of the district are Sagavan, Kher, Salan, Gargsari. Local wild animals are panther, sloth, bear, chital, wild bear, chinkara, sambar, langoor, jackal etc. Birds found in the district are bulbul, sparrow, peacock, saras, teetar etc. Among the poisonous snakes, cobra, passel and viper are common. Water snakes are also seen near the tanks. Crocodiles are sometimes seen in the big tanks and in certain pools in Chambal and Kali Sindh rivers.
The climate of the district is mostly dry. The winter season extends from mid-November to February, and the summer season runs from March to mid-June. The monsoon season is from mid June to September, and it is followed by the post monsoon season, lasting from October to mid November. The average rainfall in the Baran district is about 854.5 mm. The coldest month is that of January with an average daily temperature of 24 degree Celsius and an average daily minimum temperature of 10.6 degree Celsius.
The nearest major airports are located at Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport, and Jodhpur Airport. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. There are two other airports in Kota and Jaisalmer, but are not open for commercial/civilian flights yet.
The city is connected with neighbouring districts and with major cities outside the state. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) passes through the district. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) is a part of East-West Corridor. The total road length in the district is 2,052 km. as of March 2011. direct bus available from new delhi, jaipur, kota, ajmer, jodhpur, udaipur, indore, ujjain,
Distance from major cities.
Baran station is situated on Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is about 67 km from Kota Junction. Computerised Reservation facility at Baran station is available. Reservation timings at Baran Station is 08:00 to 14:00 hours (Lunch timings 11:00 – 11:30).