|सवाई माधोपुर की प्रमुख तस्वीरे||सवाई माधोपुर का प्रशासकीय संघठन||सवाई माधोपुर का मानचित्र
|सवाई माधोपुर के पर्यटन स्थल||सवाई माधोपुर की सांख्यिकीय रूपरेखा||सवाई माधोपुर के महत्वपूर्ण नम्बर
Sawai Madhopur is a city and Municipal Corporation (Nagar Parisad) in Sawai Madhopur District, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is home to the Ranthambore National Park and the historic Ranthambore Fort a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies within the national park.This area was ruled by Raja Hammir Dev ( a Rajput king ) of Chauhan lineage along with his Bargujar relatives. The area was destroyed by Allaudin Khiljee.Sawai Madhopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur (1750–1768), who named the township after himself.Sawai Madhopur is famous for its guavas, affectionately known as "Madhopur guavas" in Rajasthan.As of 2011 India census Sawai Madhopur had a population of 120,998. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sawai Madhopur has an average literacy rate of 70.63%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 82.14%, and female literacy is 65.46%. In Sawai Madhopur, 12.63% of the population is under 6 years of age. The languages commonly spoken in Sawai madhopur are English, Hindi and Dhundhari.
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|• Elevation||344 m (1128 ft)|
The history of Sawai Madhopur revolves around the Ranthambore fort. The settlement around the fort is the oldest here. Though the origin of the fort is not exactly known it is believed to date back to the 8th century. According to popular belief it was built by Rajput King Sapaldaksha in the year 944 AD. He belonged to the Chauhan clan. According to another school of thought the fort was constructed by King Jayant. He too was a Rajput Chauhan in around 1110 AD. However the most popular belief is that the construction of the fort commenced during the mid 10th century and it continued for the next few centuries. From the day of its conception till prior to independence the fort went from one ruler to another.
The fort of Ranthambore was a pivotal building for the rulers of this region as the trade routes between North India and South and Central India. Under the rule of Rao Hammir, the last Chauhan ruler the Ranthambore region prospered magnificently. He ruled from 1282 – 1301 AD. It is important to note that in ancient India the region was more popularly known as Ranthambore. It was much later that it received the name, Sawai Madhopur.
It was in the 1300 AD when Ranthambore had to face invasions and attacks. Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Afghan ruler captured Delhi. He sent his troop to capture the fort of Ranthambore too. However he was unsuccessful in his aim three times. Finally in1301 he conquered the fort. From this time till 1500s the fort kept on changing hands. It was the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1558 who provided stability to the region. He merged Ranthambore with his kingdom. The Mughal rulers ruled the fort till 18th century.
During the mid 18th centuries the Maratha rulers of Western India were gradually gaining power. In order to put a check on them the Rajput ruler of Jaipur, Sawai Madho Singh, requested the Mughal king to hand the fort to him. But his plea fell on deaf ears. In 1763 the king fortified the village of Sherpur and named it after himself, Sawai Madhopur. Presently this place is known as the Sawai Madhopur city. Two years later the Mughals handed over the fort to the Jaipur ruler.
During the British Rule Sawai Man Singh built a railway line between Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur. As a result it became accessible from a central spot in the state of Rajasthan. Today it has grown as one of the popular tourist destination in India.
It is Located at Latitude-26.0, Longitude-76.3. Sawai Madhopur District is sharing border with Dausa District to the North , Karauli District to the East . Sawai Madhopur District occupies an area of approximately 4500 square kilometres. . Its in the 276 meters to 248 meters elevation range.This District belongs to Hindi Belt India .
The region of Sawai Madhopur extremities of climate dry and hot. Generally the district has a dry climate except during the short rainy season. The area receives rainfall in July and August. The onset of winters brings during the temperature and encourages tourist to see Ranthambhore National Park. So the best to visit it in the month of October to March.
Jaipur at 180 km is the nearest airport from Sawai Madhopur.
Sawai Madhopur Junction is located on the Delhi to Mumbai trunk route. This is by far the best way of reaching the place from Delhi, Jaipur or Kota.
The city is a halt for many trains, including Jaipur – Indore Super Fast, Dayodaya Express (Jaipur – Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur – Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin – Indore Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer – Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam Express), Jaipur – Mysore Express, Jaipur – Chennai Express, Jaipur – Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur – Puri Express, Jodhpur – Bhopal Express, Jodhpur – Indore Intercity, and the August Kranti Rajdhani Express.
The Jaipur – Indore Super Fast connects Sawai Madhopur to major city of Madhya Pradesh, Indore Junction. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train, from Sawai Madhopur to national capital Delhi. The other includes Kota – Hanumangarh Express, Sawai Madhopur-Mathura Passenger, Jaipur-Bayana Passenger. Kota – Patna Express connects Sawai Madhopur and Patna cities via Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.
The luxury trains – The Palace on Wheels, The Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, Maharajas' Express, The Indian Maharaja also make a scheduled stop at Sawai Madhopur on their eight-day round trip of tourist destinations.
Sawai Madhopur is well connected with neighboring districts and with major cities outside the state. NH-116 (Tonk-Sawai Madhopur ) and Kota-Lalsot Mega Highway passes through the city.
City Buses, Tempo and autos are available for traveling within the Sawai Madhopur city and to travel nearby tourist sports such as Ranthambore National Park and Ranthambore Fort Jeeps, Canter and Gypsy are available.